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INTRODUCTORY   ESSAY.                                 51
been incorporated into De Candolle's Systema, These, and
his Florida of the Island of Hongkong, in ' Hooker's Journal
of Botany/ connect his name most intimately with the pro-
gress of Indian botany ; it is however impossible here to indi-
cate the long list of memoirs he has published, and which
more or less bear upon the subjects discussed in this Essay.
Since the date of publication of Wight and Arnott's Pro-
dromus, the great work of De Candolle, the e Prodromus Sy-
stematis Eegni Vegetabilium/ has advanced from the fourth
to the thirteenth volume; and as the rich materials for the
Indian Flora, especially those collected by Wallich, were com-
municated to its 'author, the Prodromus contains a very
complete resume of our knowledge of Indian botany up to the
period of publication of each natural order. This materially
facilitates the study of jfche CorolMorous Orders, the most
important of which have been worked up by Mr. Bcutham.
With regard to the Thalamiflorous and Calyciflorous Orders
previous to Composite, these, with the exception of the Penin-
sular ones, have for the most part to be worked out ab initio
for the Flora Indica; the earlier volumes of the Prodromus
being to -a great extent compilations> and particularly defective
in all that regards the vegetation of Asia.
Next in point of botanical importance comes Dr. Boyle's
f Illustrations of the Botany of the Himalayan Mountains/ in
two volumes quarto, with 100 plates. This is the only book
except Dr. Wallich's 'Tentamen Florae Nepalensis/ devoted
to the rich flora .of these mountains; and it further contains
the first and only attempt to demonstrate the prominent fea-
tures of the geographical distribution of Northern Indian
plants in reference to the elevations and climates they inhabit,
and to the botany of surrounding countries. A vast amount
of valuable miscellaneous botanical matter is here brought
together, with characters of a considerable numbed of species.
These, however, are rather to be regarded as indications of
the supposed novelties in the author's herbarium, than as de-
scriptions available for botanical purposes. This should be